Resources: PNNL

  • Inventory of Safety-related Codes and Standards for Energy Storage Systems

    Posted: September 19, 2014 - 15:00 / PNNL / Reports

    The purpose of this document is to identify laws; rules; model codes; and codes, standards, regulations (CSR) specifications related to safety that could apply to stationary energy storage systems (ESS) and experiences to date securing approval of ESS in relation to CSR. This information is intended to assist in securing approval of ESS under current CSR and to identification of new CSR or revisions to existing CSR and necessary supporting research and documentation that can foster the deployment of safe ESS.

  • Overview of Development and Deployment of Codes, Standards, and Regulations Affecting Energy Storage System Safety in the United States

    Posted: August 8, 2014 - 19:00 / PNNL / Reports

    The purpose of this document is to acquaint stakeholders and interested parties involved in the development and/or deployment of energy storage systems (ESS) with the subject of safety-related codes, standards and regulations (CSRs). It is hoped that users of this document gain a more in depth and uniform understanding of safety-related CSR development and deployment that can foster improved communications among all ESS stakeholders and the collaboration needed to realize more timely acceptance and approval of safe ESS technology through appropriate CSR.

  • Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems

    Posted: June 6, 2014 - 15:00 / PNNL / Reports

    The Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems (PNNL-22010) was first issued in November 2012 as a first step toward providing a foundational basis for developing an initial standard for the uniform measurement and expression of energy storage system (ESS) performance. Its subsequent use in the field and review by the protocol working group and most importantly the users’ subgroup and the thermal subgroup has led to the fundamental modifications reflected in this update of the 2012 Protocol.

  • Department of Energy: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

    Posted: November 22, 2013 - 14:47 / PNNL / Websites

    Large-scale energy storage is key to integrating renewable resources like wind and solar into the power grid. Large-scale energy storage will allow us to use renewable energy when and where power is needed, taking full advantage of high penetrations of renewable energy sources. Similarly, advanced energy storage materials are needed to improve the performance and reduce the cost of deploying electric vehicles. Safe, high-capacity batteries that can be quickly and repeatedly charged and discharged are needed to allow widespread deployment of electric and hybrid vehicles. Taking current batteries to the next level requires revolutionary breakthroughs in materials science. At Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, scientists are conducting research in two key areas: analysis of the electric grid's ability to store renewable energy; and materials for batteries needed to store renewable energy and power electric and other fuel-efficient vehicles.

  • Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems

    Posted: October 16, 2012 - 19:00 / PNNL / Reports

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Storage Systems (ESS) Program, through the support of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), facilitated the development of the protocol provided in this report. The focus of the protocol is to provide a uniform way of measuring, quantifying, and reporting the performance of ESSs in various applications; something that does not exist today and, as such, is hampering the consideration and use of this technology in the market.