While historically the contributions of a number of scientists and innovators created our understanding of the forces of electricity, Alessandro Volta is credited with the invention of the first battery1. Two or more electricAn adjective meaning “needing electricity to operate” such as electric motor or wire. IEEE: Containing, producing , arising from, actuated by or carrying electricity. cells connected together electrically. In common usage, the term “battery” is also applied to a single cell, such as a household battery. 2. A system comprised of identical electrochemical cells. in 1800, and along with it the entire field of electrochemistry. On its most basic level, a battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells that convert stored chemical energy into electrical1. An adjective meaning “pertaining to electricity”. Electrical Engineer. 2. Related to, pertaining to or associated with electricity but not having its properties or characteristics. energy1. Energy is the potential of a physical system to perform work. (A common unit of work is foot-pound—the amount of energy needed to lift one pound up a distance of one foot.) Energy exists in several forms such as electromagnetic radiation .... Each cell contains a positive terminalThe terminal of a battery into which electrons flow, through the load, during cell/battery discharge., or cathode, and a negative terminalThe terminal of a battery from which electrons flow, through the load, during cell/battery discharge., or anode. Electrolytes allow ions to move between the electrodes and terminalsThe parts of a cell/battery to which the external electric load is connected and through which current flows., which allows current to flow out of the battery to perform work.
Advances in technology and materials have greatly increased the reliabilityThe degree of performance of the elements of the bulk electric system that results in electricity being delivered to customers within accepted standards and in the amount desired. May be measured by the frequency, duration and magnitude of adverse... and output of modern battery systems, and economies of scale have dramatically reduced the associated cost. Continued innovation has created new technologies like electrochemical capacitors that can be charged and discharged simultaneously and instantly, and provide an almost unlimited operational lifespan.
The following pages offer greater insight into these technologies and the many applications that they are utilized for in creating a more robust and adaptable energy grid.